Anzac Day traditionally is the day we remember our fallen soldiers. Those
who have fought in wars around the world to protect and support the
freedoms of our own beautiful country Australia, and also that of the
commonwealth nations whom we fought alongside and in support of.
On ANZAC Day we should also remember the daring encounters that our
brave and selfless men and women endured. Some were great losses
and almost missions impossible, where others were great victories and
even changed the course of history.
Either way, we are so grateful to our fellow Australians, many of whom
were before our time, who faced the terror of war, death, decease, and
disfigurement to keep Australia the land of the free.
We honor their dedication to the call, their love for their country, their
people and their own families.
We thank God for those who have fallen for this nation and we do remember them, May God remember their descendants and families and reward them accordingly.
To remember this day just celebrated on the 25th of April (Yesterday)
I have included a little history. Please take some time to look over it.
The first Anzac Day
On 25 April 1915 Australian troops landed on Gallipoli in Turkey. On the first anniversary of the landing, Anzac Day was observed around Australia and wherever Australian soldiers were posted. Australians have commemorated the day ever since.
Sydney Morning Herald, 25 April
1916: First Anzac Day commemorations
Men, women and children line the streets in Brisbane to watch the procession of the 41st Battalion on Anzac Day, 1916
‘Anzac Day’ – is a day that will live in our hearts and in our history as long as Australia lasts.
25 April 1915: The landing
On 25 April 1915, 16,000 soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) landed at what is now called Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey. Around 2000 of them were killed or wounded that day.
Two weeks later, various Australian newspapers published a flattering account of the landing by the British war correspondent Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett. Many Australians, then and now, saw the landing and the Australians’ deeds as a rite of passage for their fledgling country. This view of Gallipoli was fostered by Charles Bean, the official Australian war correspondent and later official historian.
A lifeboat, carrying men of the Australian 1st Divisional Signal Company, being towed towards Anzac Cove.
The Anzac Day —
Lest We Forget
Gallipoli badge, 25
In 1914 various organisations formed in Australia to raise funds for Australian troops and for European civilians affected by the war. In mid-1915 many of them began to organise fundraising days that combined patriotic displays with carnivals. ……
In 1915 organisers decided that April 25 th would be called Anzac Day.
By the end of December 1915 all allied forces had been evacuated from Gallipoli. It was clear that the campaign had been a complete failure.
A total of 8709 Australians had been killed, as had 2779 New Zealanders and tens of thousands of British and French troops. Many more Turks had died defending their homeland.
Many of those who survived Gallipoli were sent to the Western Front.
Australian and New Zealand troops marching down Whitehall to Westminster Abbey in London,
Anzac Day, 1916
However, many Australians still felt that the Gallipoli landing had been an event of enormous national significance that needed to be marked in some way. Organizing committees formed spontaneously in each state.
The federal government recognized Gallipoli’s symbolic importance. It also hoped that commemorating the campaign might improve enlistment numbers, which were starting to decline.
In 1916 the Acting Prime Minister, Minister for Defence George Pearce, officially named 25 April as Anzac Day, though it was not yet a public holiday. A softcover booklet for the first Anzac Day, 1916
Observing Anzac Day
All states marked the occasion of Anzac Day with a commemorative service, after which new enlistees and Gallipoli veterans marched down the streets of their town or city.
In many towns, a lunch was provided for veterans. Most states held festivities of some kind in the afternoon or evening.
However, in Queensland Anzac Day 1916 was organised by the influential Anzac Day Commemoration Committee. They ensured the day revolved entirely around commemoration. The committee forbade fundraising as that would involve a festive element that they felt was inappropriate.
By contrast Victorian organisers focused on fundraising through pageantry and celebration.
In New South Wales, opinion was divided. For example, the Lord Mayor of Sydney was criticized by the families of the dead for spending £1000 on decorative lighting for public buildings. On the other hand, returned servicemen urged the state government to make the day a festive one as
they felt that was what their fallen comrades would have wanted.
In London, that year around 2000 sombre Anzacs marched through the streets, cheered on by enthusiastic Britons, before attending a commemorative service at Westminster Abbey.
Troops stationed in Egypt held services for their fallen comrades. Brigadier (later General Sir) John Monash explained in a letter to his wife that after the service the morning was spent playing cricket and other games. In the afternoon the troops took part in ‘a great Aquatic Carnival’, followed by a skit about the landing and band concerts. Soldier at Anzac Day Dawn Service 2004, Green Hill Fort, Thursday Island, Torres Strait
Anzac Day since 1916
Anzac Day has been observed every year since 1916. By the 1920s Anzac Day ceremonies were being held throughout Australia.
In 1927 for the first time, every state observed some form of formal public holiday on Anzac Day.
By the mid-1930s all the rituals we now associate with the day – dawn vigils, marches, two minutes’ silence, memorial services, wreath-laying ceremonies and reunions – had been firmly established as part of Anzac
These rituals were disseminated by the man who devised most of them, Canon David Garland, a military chaplain and the energetic secretary of Queensland’s Anzac Day Commemoration Committee. Though an Anglican, he sought to make the services ecumenical, and therefore accessible to all Australians.
Later Anzac Day also served to commemorate the lives of Australians who died in the Second World War, and all subsequent military and peacekeeping operations in which Australia has been involved.
Anzac Day popularity wanes
From the 1960s to the 1980s the popularity of Anzac Day diminished. Fewer people seemed to think armed conflict was worthy of commemoration. Many felt that Anzac Day was in the firm grip of the RSL, an organisation viewed as out of touch with the general population.
It was also seen as an excuse for many men to get drunk and play two-up, which was only legal on Anzac Day.
Since the 1980s commemorative activities on Gallipoli itself have become more common. In 1990, to mark the 75th anniversary of the campaign, Prime Minister Bob Hawke went to Gallipoli on Anzac Day, accompanied by a group of aged Gallipoli veterans. He was the first prime minister to do so.
In 2007 Indigenous communities began organizing Anzac Day marches to remember fallen Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander soldiers.